The Vital Universe: Organic ecosystems of Energy and Information
Among the most advanced and respected new sciences, there is a new discipline called Theory of Complexity. It aims to describe any system of the Universe as an organic ecosystem, ruled by networks of energy and information. The facts behind Theory of Complexity are well known to all scientists: in the universe there is a constant tendency towards organization of individual species into herds. There are herds of atoms called molecules, herds of stars called galaxies, herds of humans called societies of History, or herds of machines called economies... Could we find certain rules and laws that explain all those herds and their behavior? Such is the aim of the most advanced branch of Theory of Complexity, called Theory of Organisms. We will use many of its findings to describe human, historic and economic organisms.
Let us start consider in first place how can we define any of those social organisms. What is an organism of information and energy? A herd of species related by networks of energy and information, that constantly transform energy and process it in a vital way. How individual species organize themselves into complex herds, that biology calls ecosystems or bodies, or organisms? Precisely through those physiological networks, the key to understand any organism, including human social organisms (nations, civilizations).
In the Universe there are many type or such social organisms. Since energy never dies but eternally transforms itself, organisms have an enormous variety of species and sizes, depending on what energy they process. What do they all have in common? All organisms are societies, organized by networks of Energy and Information.
The former is clearly the case in all the sciences from physics to biology, where a common phenomenon occurs: the existence of parallel groups of beings organized into a single regular formation. Molecules are made up of atoms and electronic networks; economies are made up of humans and machines; galaxies are composed of stars, which orbit rhythmically around a central knot, or black hole, of gravitational information. Human bodies are organized by cells controlled by the nervous system. A tree is a group of leaves, branches, and roots connected by a network of energy (salvia) and information (chemical particles).
Atoms share energy and information between them through electrons who finally shape ð orbitals that create molecules. Molecules grow and become DNA, which controls the cell. Cells then radiate until their density saturates the vital territory of the herd of cells. To improve in such small territory the Information and energy of each cell, the nervous-informative organs, and the energetic, blood organs appear. A new, more complex species -the animal, and the man- is born. Then humans increased in social size, forming a new macrocosm -the macrocosm of History and Economics- where a lot of humans and machines organize themselves into societies, through words and digital information. The purpose of this book is to study such organisms; historic organisms (a social organism of humans), and economic ecosystems (a wave of products that interact with human beings), as organic systems; trying to design and improve them, from the perspective of the health of what is best for the survival of man, as the ruling species of that organism.
The structure of organisms
Let us to that aim, understand first the generic structure of a social organism, or ecosystem, parallel words that we will use constantly as synonymous. In fact there are four basic elements in all organic living systems:
1. Cellular units
2. Networks of energy or vital space
3. Networks of information
4. Networks that reproduce energy and information.
When we find those elements interconnected in a vital relationship, we talk of an organic system. We can see such organic systems as bodies, when all the cells are very close to each other, or as ecosystems of herds, when the cells are far away, and the networks are weak. We should not be cheated by the spatial appearance of the organism.
A herd of machines, a herd of insects, a human group is also an organic system, because it has cells, and networks, even if it does not seem to us a body.
The fundamental reason we have not arrived earlier in science till Theory of Organisms, to the conclusion that the universe is made of such organic systems is the lack of relativism, the arrogance of man. Men have a hard time believing that things which are not like us, are able to intelligently process energy and information. We are also unable to believe easily that microcosms and macrocosms are species. Yet an organic perception of macrocosms like galaxies or planets, and an organic perception of microcosms such as cells and atoms, is the most logical way of unifying our understanding of the entities of the Universe. We might see those herds very close together in which case we talk of bodies, or we might see them extended with a loose organization; then we talk of waves, societies or herds.
Defining a Scientific Organism
A generic definition of an organism or ecosystem will help to clarify what we mean by a vital universe, composed of universal organisms. Let us take a template for a micro or macrocosmic organism (or ecosystem) that differs only in the specific energy or information we put into brackets. A universal microcosmic or macrocosmic organism or ecosystem is a population of [name a particular species], related by networks of [name a language or force] information and networks of [name a kind of energy]. Fill the gaps with a specific species, language/force and energy and you can define any network-organism in the universe:
- An atomic organism is a population of (electronic) energy and (nucleonic) information, related by networks of (gravitational) information and networks of (light) energy.
- A molecular organism is a population of atoms, related by networks of gravitational energy, and networks of electromagnetic information (orbitals, London forces, Van der Waals forces).
- A galactic organism is a population of stars, related by networks of gravitational information, and networks of space-time energy. Their morphology is similar to that of an atom, where the nucleus is the black hole, and the stars the electronic orbitals.
- An animal ecosystem is a population of carbolife species, related by networks of light information, and networks of life energy (plants, prey).
- A human organism is a population of DNA cells, related by networks of genetic and nervous information and networks of energy-providing blood.
- A bio-historic organism is a population of humans, related by networks of verbal information and networks of carbolife energy."
- A bio-economic organism, is a population of human workers/consumers and machines, related by networks of monetary and electronic information, and networks of roads and electric energy.
Both organic systems, Historic and economic organisms, survive within the same vital space, the Earth's crust. What this means according to Theory of organisms is that there is between both a dual process of symbiotism and preying, by which sometimes machines compete with men in fields of labor (productivity laws that substitute workers with machines) and fields of war (where weapon-machines kill human beings). We express this with the concept of the Paradox of History.
Sciences: Analysis of Universal Organisms
In the next graph we classify all scientific disciplines (including social science not based in the scientific method) as descriptions of certain universal organisms. Scientific knowledge is the information that humanity perceives about the organisms of the universe.
Man is a specific organism with a specific range of perception of other universal organisms from quark-microcosms to galactic macrocosms. Each science studies a certain range of human information and energy. Physics studies microcosms of atoms; chemistry studies microcosms of molecules; biology studies the medium-size cosmos of carbolife. While history and religion study the macrocosms of man (tribes, gods, collective information, nations). Yet the parallel form and behavior of microcosmic atoms (physics) and macrocosmic masses (astronomy) proves that the same organic laws rule all species of the universe. After all the key to the entire process of existence is information, carried by ¥-rays which have a flexibility of sizes that makes possible all scales, in living organisms...
The total universe is defined as a game of infinite social herds that communicate through information networks in order to feed on fields of energy. Each parallel universe, each ecosystem of species of a certain energy size and informative range, is studied by a science. Each science is the description of organisms of a similar size and form, its cells and its networks. And all them follow the morphological laws of organisms. In the next graph we analyze the minds and bodies of the main organic systems of the universe, and the different sciences that study them:
Each science studies a range of organic systems. Some of those systems are mechanical. Some are vital. Yet all of them have external influence over us, provoking changes in the energy and information systems of mankind.
It is then clear that the fundamental task of human knowledge is to understand the organisms of the Universe, its vital properties, how those organisms are ruled by similar laws of survival, reproduction and gathering of energy and information, and how they affect human beings, in order to manipulate them to the advantage of mankind. So happens with social sciences, that should manipulate the economic organism to the advantage of human beings. We call that real, science of economics based in natural laws, that aims to control machines to the profit of man, Ethonomics, since it would be ruled by the mandate of Human survival, and the biological laws that spell it.